Dostojevskijs sista resa av Leif Davidsen

Under de senaste 3 åren har jag läst en del om Sovjetunionen och om det nya Ryssland efter kollapsen 1990.

Den unge Stalin av Simon Sebag Montefiore

Gulag av Anne Applebaum

Potemkin och Katarina den store av Simon Sebag Montefiore

Svart Jord av Gunnar Lindstedt

Dostojevskijs sista resa av Leif Davidsen


Det som lockar mig att läsa om detta gigantiska land, med tragisk och stundom mycket blodig historia är det motsägelsefulla om forna Sovjet och nya Ryssland.

Igår eftermiddag såg jag en film The way out om ett antal krigsfångar som rymde från ett arbetsläger i Sibirien. Om man har läst boken Gulag av Applebaum så kunde få rymma från ett arbetsläger och om någon stackare trots allt gjorde det, frös de ihjäl snabbt i det kalla klimatet, men å andra sidan dog de i frihet.

The way out är en usel romantisering.

Vissa filmer kan jag köpa som tema, t.ex. Terminator. En del scener i filmen är riktigt roliga. Men, i en film som The way out, är inte möjlig att köpa som koncept. Det är Vranjo.

Vad betyder det?

Citat från Leif Davidsen bok – ”Det är en blandning av sanning och lögn. Det är ett sätt att förmedla halvsanningar och kvartslögner, uppdiktade händelser och verkliga tilldragelser. Och syftet med Vranjo, oavsett om man är privatperson eller makthavare, är att skydda sig själv och undvika att man ställs till svars för sina handlingar”


….återkommer med mer reflektioner.


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  1. #1 av Minis på 25 februari 2011 - 12:52

    Hi, Barbro,
    Growning up in Soviet Union was kind of safe, though in adolescent years when people start questioning surrounding world was difficult to distinguish propaganda and demagoguery and everyone would have had somewhat clear path of how the future will be, but mostly with very little of individual choice. Besides even in Lithuania, official language was Russian. Hence in time’s eventuallity we should have become very uniform and absolutely unpersonal society. Fortunately it did not happen and my mom had courage to tell us how she spent her childhood and youth years in Siberia, how her brother died during the fight against soviet militia. These memories are much more alive and very intimately closer than anything that’s written in the books.
    Interestingly, Russian language has at least two words for a lie. In school i was tought that vranjo is the word from lower level people’s language – peasants and workers, whereas upper class language word is loz (i don’t know how to transcribe this word, the last letter is pronounced as j in the word jump but without the sound D). I kind of believe that these words still mean the same however Davidsen somehow wanted to glamourize the language.

    • #2 av Barbro på 25 februari 2011 - 13:17

      The impression I get from Davidsen book, is quite objective written. He lived in Moscow for about 10 years as an journalist. The word lozj, means obvious direct lie. Vranjo is between truth and lie.
      Why was it safe to grow up in Soviet Union?

      • #3 av Minis på 25 februari 2011 - 13:52

        It was safe because nothing was changing openly. For a child that’s perfect – everything is stuck in time, no worries that anything will change thus plenty of time to play. No shiny toys though, no lego etc. I grew up next to the toy store, i saw most new toys i the store, but my mom could by maybe one toy in a year or something. But we had many other fun activities.
        Later i life you start questioning why is it that everyone wears very similar clothing, everyone lives in very similar appartments, why some people can have cars while others do not and even have no possibility to get one. Why i had to go to principals office when voted against something. Why i cannot speak my native language in the govermental building. But that’s as i wrote was in adolescent years.

        When upper class person would say that someone is lying that would be a direct assault to the honor (position in the society etc.) therefore most of them did not lie (theoretically), whereas lower people in the society did not have the honor to begin with. Therefore accusations of lying did not constitute much of a loss of face in the eyes of the society. Any half truth is a lie. Any lie is for the ”is to protect yourself and avoid that they are held accountable for their actions ” irrespectable of the lying person’s position etc. As i said i was taught the language from 7 to 18 years by native Russian speakers which i believe know their language very well and the question of loz vs. vranjo occured few times.

      • #4 av Barbro på 25 februari 2011 - 16:07

        Well. now you are start talking Minis. thank you.
        So you are a Russian guy?

  2. #5 av Minis på 25 februari 2011 - 16:18

    No, i am Lithuanian, however i know Russian language better than English, but it still is foreign language to me. My teachers of Russian language were Russians living in Lithuania.

    • #6 av Barbro på 25 februari 2011 - 16:41

      That is not the same thing to be a born Russia human being. right?

  3. #7 av Minis på 25 februari 2011 - 16:44

    I am not sure I understand your question.

    • #8 av Barbro på 25 februari 2011 - 17:02

      Ok, if you were born in Soviet Union you would presumably have another view.

  4. #9 av Minis på 25 februari 2011 - 18:34

    I was born in Soviet Union and lived there until it collapsed. My views are formed by first hand experience, not hidden as it was for foreigners at that time.
    Your question about Russians born in Russia vs. Lithuania, if i understand correctly, does not make sense to me. In those times it would be as to ask whether teacher teach different Swedish in Malmo than in Stockholm. It was one country with the same requirements for everyone.

    • #10 av Barbro på 26 februari 2011 - 16:20

      You’ve my apologies Minis, should have checked first at Wikipedia about Republic of Lithuania.

  5. #11 av Minis på 28 februari 2011 - 12:30

    No problem Barbro, we all learn :)


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